What is it and how is it done?
Body composition analysis is a method of evaluating body fat, muscle mass and body fluids. Based on the method of bioelectrical impedance, low intensity alternating current is applied to the body of the subject and measures its conductivity. Assuming that the body fluids are good conductors of electricity and fat poor conductor, it is possible to calculate fat percentage, muscle mass percentage and the percentage of body fluids. In practice this method is simple, painless and very quick. The procedure is prohibited in cases where the client is pregnant, breast feeding or lactating and for those with an electronic medical implant, such as a pacemaker.
Why body composition analysis?
Look beyond the number on the scale and understand what your body is really made of. Scales, as much precise as they can be, cannot assess the physical condition of a person. Body composition is a very important aspect of your fitness profile and individual health. Determining the percentage of fat in the body is important because it consists the most reliable diagnostic indicator of obesity. Furthermore, applying body composition analysis periodically, gives you a true indicator of your inner health by identifying changes made internally in your body as a result of healthy diet intervention and exercise implementation. For example, we can identify and evaluate weight loss (i.e. if the person loses body fat or loses fluids and muscle mass).
The ratio between muscle mass and body fat is more meaningful and important than body weight itself. Muscle is denser and weighs more than fat, so a lean, muscular person can weigh more than someone with a higher amount of body fat. Therefore, body fat percentage is a more accurate means of assessing degrees of obesity or fitness.
The device ‘TANITA’, a modern body composition analyzer BC-1000plus Radio Wireless Body Composition Platform, is used for analyzing:
- Body fat %
- Body water (TBW) %
- Muscle mass
- Physique rating
- Metabolic age
- Bone mass
- Basal metabolic rate (BMR)
- Visceral fat rating
How can I be prepared beforehand for the examination?
To achieve a correct measurement, you should follow the steps below before measuring:
- Do not consume food for 4 hours before the measurement
- Do not consume liquids for at least 2 hours before the measurement
- Do not perform exhaustive exercise for at least 24 hours before the measurement
- Do not consume alcohol for at least 12 hours before the measurement
- For women it is preferable not to be menstruating at the time of measurement, but to be in the middle of their cycle